It’s hard to say if Trudeau banned normal shotguns. Legal opinions are contradictory. It will be decided in court.
According to a solid legal opinion that 12 gauge shotguns, particularly those with adjustable chokes, fall under section 95, that any firearm with a bore greater than 20 mm is now prohibited. Justice Minister Blair Tweeted, No. However, the RCMP posted that normal 12 gauge shotguns were not banned. However, posts on the RCMP website may change at any time. The key is how the bore is measured.
Ordinary 12 gauge shotguns may fall under section 96 as well, that of being capable of exceeding the limit of 10,000 joules. The problem here is the word, “capable” of doing so. Few 12 gauges typically exceed this limit; it’s not practical, not common, but a 12 gauge is “capable.” Courts will ultimately have to decide. Firearms dealers in both the US and Canada are told to consider them prohibited weapons. Owners are warned not to take any prohibited firearm out hunting or even to the range.
Behind the scenes, the RCMP has also recently changed the status of a wide range of rifles and shotguns to prohibited in the Firearms Reference Table (FRT). It’s not clear if these changes are part of the OIC or due to the RCMP unilaterally initiating reclassifications.
Here’s a list of firearms variants whose FRT entries have been changed to prohibited, but were not in the gazette.
Examples of shotguns that have been subsequently prohibited are:
• Adler B210 Bolt-Action Shotgun
• AlphaArms 15SA Semi-Automatic Shotgun
• Canuck Havoc Pump-Action Shotgun
• Eternal FX12 Semi-Automatic Shotgun
Contrary to statements by the Minister, many shotguns have been banned, including pump and bolt action models. Further, there is no simple way to know if an owner of a previous legal firearm is now a criminal.